As with some other online gambling games, the exact history of roulette is not clear, however it is likely that modern day roulette came from France. Roulette might well have been played by Roman and Greek soldiers. There is, however, a fair amount of information about how the game of roulette developed. The word ‘roulette’ is a French word that means ‘small wheel.’
The origin of the roulette wheel seems to have come from the Greco-Roman time period, when a spinning wheel was used when playing games. The spinning wheel that was used by Romans at that time was a wagon wheel. Using a spinning wheel for games may have begun even earlier, however, this is the first time that history can trace in which it was used. An arrow was placed on the ground, which pointed to a marked space on the wagon wheel.
Greek soldiers used a spinning shield that was set up to revolve around a metal point. The shield had ten marked spaces, and the winning space corresponded to a specific point marked on the ground.
In 1655 in France, it seems most likely that a French scientist, Blaise Pascal, first invented the roulette wheel. Pascal developed the wheel as a perpetual motion device.
Roulette came to the United States in the early 1800s. When the game came to the United States, the double zero was added to the roulette wheel. The double zero (00) was first introduced in America, where the game was particularly popular. The 00 increases the house odds. The zero was also added to the game in America.
In 1842 in France, the single zero (0) was added to the game so that the house odds were increased. The single zero was added by Francois and Louis Blanc.
Over the years, roulette players have tried to develop systems that would be able to beat the roulette wheel. There was an analogue device developed by Thorp and Shannon that helped players to place wagers on the roulette wheel’s most favored octant. Another system that was developed using a computer was the Eudaemons computer system in Las Vegas. The Eudamons did make some money using their device, however, the handheld device burned a hole in the hand of one of its group members. The Thorp and Shannon device suffered hardware failure. In a casino located in Madrid, Spain, Gonzalo Garcia-Pelayo used a computer to try and predict when the wheel was the most likely to stop. He won more than one million dollars doing this in about two years. Nowadays, roulette wheels are of a better quality, and are less likely to develop patterns. Casinos also take precautions against those trying to cheat the casino.